To overcome imposter syndrome, think in systems

by | Apr 6, 2021 | Become More Awesome

Takeaway:Success comes when you work intelligently within a system of interconnected parts. Understanding the system you’re in, and the intelligent ways in which you interact with it, goes a long way towards understanding the success you’ve achieved—and overcoming imposter syndrome. Estimated Reading Time:5 minutes, 3s.

To overcome imposter syndrome, think in systems

If you experience imposter syndrome—that feeling where you have no idea why you get to do what you do and that someone is going to find out any second now—you’re not alone, or even unique. Even those we hold in the highest regard admit to feeling like imposters. 

Take Tom Hanks. As he put it in an interview: 

“No matter what we’ve done, there comes a point where you think, ‘How did I get here? When are they going to discover that I am, in fact, a fraud and take everything away from me?’ ” 

Neil Gaiman, author of American GodsThe SandmanCoraline, and many more of my favorite books, shared a great story about the syndrome: 

“Some years ago, I was lucky enough [to be] invited to a gathering of great and good people: artists and scientists, writers and discoverers of things. And I felt that at any moment they would realise that I didn’t qualify to be there, among these people who had really done things. 

On my second or third night there, I was standing at the back of the hall, while a musical entertainment happened, and I started talking to a very nice, polite, elderly gentleman about several things, including our shared first name. And then he pointed to the hall of people, and said words to the effect of, “I just look at all these people, and I think, what the heck am I doing here? They’ve made amazing things. I just went where I was sent.” 

And I said, “Yes. But you were the first man on the moon. I think that counts for something.” 

If Tom Hanks, Neil Gaiman, Neil Armstrong, and countless others—Maya AngelouMichelle Obama, and Sonia Sotomayor included—can feel like imposters, you can, too.  


One of the most interesting books I’ve read for my own work has been Thinking in Systems, by Donella Meadows. Though the book is largely theoretical, it’s a great primer on systems thinking. A system is a series of interconnected parts that accomplish some goal. Systems can be man-made—like a car, which consists of a bunch of interconnected parts that let you drive somewhere—or natural, like the human body, which consists of millions of interconnected parts that let you live your life. 

Success (by traditional measures) happens when we interact with a system in a way that produces an outcome we desire—like money, status, advancement, or recognition. For example: 

  • A C-Suite executive interacts with an organizational system—which consists of employees, hierarchies, roles, activities, goals, and customers—to rise through the organization and perform well given the opportunities and constraints within the system. 
  • A film star interacts in an intelligent way—with agents, producers, film studios, personal trainers, acting teachers, and other actors—to be cast in highly sought-after roles. 
  • An author interacts with the publishing industry—readers, agents, editors, journalists, fellow authors, foreign rights buyers, and booksellers—to release a bestselling book. 

Interacting intelligently within a system is a lot easier said than done. And understanding a system is not enough to guarantee success: after you grasp the intricacies of your industry, you then have to hunker down and do the work. Even after that point, there are other variables that are far more difficult—and in some cases impossible—to account for. Take privilege and luck, for example, two variables that make systems unfair. 

  • Privilege is when one group of people are deferred a set of advantages that other groups don’t have. This distributes opportunity unfairly. Everything from your gender, race, physical ability, education level, sexual orientation, parental income class, country of origin, and more may skew how you interact with a system, providing a unique set of advantages and disadvantages.  
  • Luck is when a system aligns in a random way that’s beneficial to you—no one else auditions for a role, you enter the workforce with a degree that’s suddenly sought-after, or you write a book that strikes a chord at the exact right time.  

Even with unfair variables like privilege and luck, when you step far enough back from your success to perceive the relationships between its parts, it will likely make sense. A specific series of interconnected and interdependent events transpired that led to where you (and the rest of us) are today. Breaking it down into these building blocks helps you to recognize the path you’ve taken and the success you’ve earned.  


I’ve experienced imposter syndrome many times: after I got offered a deal to write a book with Penguin Random House, which became The Productivity Project, I couldn’t help but call myself a fraud. I didn’t feel I had earned the success I had achieved up to that point—even though I had worked hard within the system I was in. A similar level (though not quite as high) of negative self-talk happened when I got a second book deal to write Hyperfocus.  

Luckily, it was around this time that I encountered Thinking in Systems, which clued me into the idea that maybe, just maybe, I had achieved this success for a reason. This motivated me to step back, examine the series of events that had led to my success, and see that they did indeed make sense. I realized I had earned these book deals because of the hard work I put in—alongside a dose of privilege and likely some luck.  

Our success, or lack thereof, is a direct result of us interacting with systems. If you don’t know how you got to where you are, you may be too focused on the unique qualities that have led to your success, and not enough on how your interactions with systems helped get you there. 

No one is superhuman, even the artists we put on pedestals. Understanding the interconnected web of events that led to where you are today will go a long way towards recognizing the success you’ve achieved (and earned). It can even reveal how to keep it up. 

Written by Chris Bailey

Chris Bailey has written hundreds of articles on the subject of productivity and is the author of three books: How to Calm Your Mind, Hyperfocus, and The Productivity Project. His books have been published in more than 40 languages. Chris writes about productivity on this site and speaks to organizations around the globe on how they can become more productive without hating the process.

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